ما هي العلامات التي تدل على وجود مشكلة نفسية وأنكَ بحاجة لمساعدة مختص ..

ما هي العلامات التي تدل على وجود مشكلة نفسية وأنكَ بحاجة لمساعدة مختص ..

الإثنين 25-01-2016

 

بقلم أ. مارية الحلبي

“الصحة النفسية هي حالة اكتمال السلامة بدنياً وعقلياً واجتماعياً، وليست الخلوّ من الأعراض المرضية أو العجز النسبي أو المطلق.”

عندما يفقد الإنسان القدرة على الحب والعمل وتختل علاقته الزوجية، المهنية، علاقته مع الآخر أو علاقته بنفسه؛ هنا تصبح صحته النفسية مؤشرًا إلى مشكلة معينة يجب متابعتها.

المرض النفسي لا يختلف كثيراً عن العضوي، له مجموعة من الأعراض، كما يحتاج المريض إلى الرعاية الطبية والنفسية، ويجب عدم تجاهلها أو إرجاعها للتعب أو التوتر أو الخلط بين الاضطرابات النفسية وبين أمور أخرى . ويلاحظ الأعراض أولئك الذين تصيبهم أو أقاربهم،          ومن هذه الأعراض ما يلي:

  • أعراض جسدية (كحالات الصداع أو اضطراب النوم)
  • أعراض انفعالية (كالشعور بالحزن أو الخوف أو القلق)
  • أعراض استعرافية (كصعوبة التفكير بوضوح وظهور أفكار غريبة، غير عادية وحدوث اضطراب في الذاكرة)
  • أعراض سلوكية (كانتهاج سلوك عنيف وعدم القدرة على أداء الوظائف الروتينية اليومية والإفراط في تعاطي مواد الإدمان، القيام بأفعال متكررة)
  • أعراض ادراكية (كرؤية أو سماع أشياء لا يراها أو يسمعها الآخرون)

هنا نوضح الأعراض عن طريق بعض المظاهر أو السلوكيات التي يقوم بها الشخص:

  • الرغبة في الانعزال، وعدم التحدث مع الآخرين.
  • تدهور الاهتمام بالنظافة الشخصية، والمظهر الخارجي.
  • اضطرابات النوم: إما عدم القدرة على النوم، أو النوم لفترات طويلة.
  • التغير المفاجئ بالشخصية، فبعد أن كان الشخص اجتماعياً يصبح منعزلا، ويرفض الخروج.
  • انخفاض القدرة على التركيز، أو الإجابة على أي سؤال، فيبدو كما لو كان تائهاً.
  • ضعف العلاقات الاجتماعية، تبدأ العلاقات الاجتماعية بالتدهور والتفكك، فإذا كان الشخص مرتبطا عاطفياً فإنه يقوم بتصرفات غريبة تجعل الطرف الآخر يبتعد عنه.
  • التدين المفاجئ أو الإلحاد.
  • اللامبالاة: حيث يشعر المريض النفسي باللامبالاة تجاه المواقف المهمة وعدم الرغبة في المشاركة فيها.
  • العدوان والانفعال لأقل الأسباب مهما كانت تافهة.
  • اضطراب في الأكل، نقص الوزن السريع وفقد الشهية، يهمل المريض النفسي التغذية المناسبة، ما يؤدى إلى فقدان الوزن بشدة وبشكل سريع دون أي تخطيط مسبق.
  • إيذاء النفس، يحاول المريض النفسي إيذاء نفسه من خلال جرح وخدش أعضائه.
  • تعبير عن رغبة بالموت، حتى وإن كانت دعابة، فتلك قد تعبر عن مشاكل داخلية.

وتختلف العلامات المميّزة الأولى باختلاف الاضطرابات. ولا بد للأشخاص الذين يظهر عليهم واحد أو أكثر من الأعراض المبيّنة أعلاه التماس مساعدة المتخصّصين في حال استمرار تلك الأعراض أو تسبّبها في ضيق نفسي كبير أو في تعطيل الملكات اللازمة للقيام بالوظائف اليومية.

 

 

 

 

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